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Baluze et les Spirituels

A Prosopography of the Beguins and Spiritual Friars of Languedoc

Louisa A. Burnham

Texte intégral

1This list of the Beguins and Spiritual Friars of Languedoc between 1314-1330 was compiled as a working reference during the writing of my dissertation (“So Great a Light, So Great a Smoke”: The Heresy and Resistance of the Beguins of Languedoc (1314-1330), Ph.D. dissertation, Northwestern University, 2000). It is summary, perhaps occasionally enigmatic, and yet I trust still useful for scholars wishing to track down references to any particular individual.

Beguin names

2In what language to give the names of the Beguins and Spiritual friars of Languedoc? While the sources are nearly universally in Latin, the Latin names are certainly not what the Beguins called each other, and the spelling, even in Latin, is sometimes wildly inconsistent from page to page in the sources. At this beginning of the twenty-first century, Languedoc is decidedly French, but over the turn of the fourteenth, the language its population spoke was Occitan, not French at all. It seems oddly dismissive, therefore, to call these individuals by French names, per French academic practice (and frequently English-language practice as well). Catalan is hardly more appropriate, and English seems very awkward. Luckily, there exist a number of documents in the medieval vernacular of Languedoc which I have been able to use as a crib; in particular the lists of consuls and obriers of the Commune Clôture of Montpellier. Franciscus, for example, is consistently Frances in fourteenth-century Occitan. Thus, I have plumbed the Christian names (and where possible, the surnames) of the individuals who appear in these pages from these documents. Occitan equivalents for trade name-based surnames (such as Verrerii) were taken from the lists of such trades found in the Petit Thalamus of Montpellier (Veyrier). Where my sources were inconsistent (giving Guilhem, Guillelm and Guillem, for instance), I simply chose what seemed simplest, most mellifluous, or had some basis in later naming patterns: Guilhem has remained a peculiarity of the region, for instance, as seen in the monastery Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert.

3The names of women were an even more intractable problem since they do not appear in the lists of obriers or consuls. Some names were also held by famous women whose names appear in Montpellier’s so-called “Chronique Romane,” such as Johanna. Many other women’s names, however, do not appear to have had a simple Latin equivalent, and so, the scribes probably wrote them down as they sounded (Alisseta, for instance, or Prous). Unless I had firm evidence that an Occitan equivalent to a name existed, therefore, I have chosen to leave women’s names in the form encountered in the Latin literature1.

* A *

4Agnes Berenguier. Wife of Andrieu Berenguier, from Montagnac. Deposed December, 1325 (Doat 27, fol. 11v-12v). Sentenced to simple crosses and minor pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 89v-91v).

5Alamanda Juliana of Béziers. Mentioned in the inquisitorial consultation of May 19, 1329 in the company of Beguins, as a “receiver and fautor” of heretics (Doat 27, fol. 159r). No deposition, no sentence.

6Alaraxis Biasse of Sauvian. Niece of Peter Olivi. Deposed (n.d.) (MS, 319-321, General Sermon of March 1, 1327). Sentenced to the mur in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 203v). Relaxation to crosses and pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 3r-7r).

7Alaraxis or Alisseta Bedos, from St-Etienne of Bragassargues (Gard). Daughter of Bernard Bedos. Inhabitant of Montpellier for more than 20 years. Companion of Prous Boneta. Deposed November, 1325 (Doat 27, fol. 30r-33r). Sentenced to the mur November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 91v-94v). Released with crosses and pilgrimages, September 9, 1329 (Doat 27, fol. 193v-196v).

8Alasaicia (no last name) of Narbonne. Mentioned by Bernard Maury (MS, 333). Living in Avignon, near the Carmelite convent. Buried in Céreste (near Apt in Provence).

9Alax Daubourt of Carcassonne, originally from the diocese of Bourges. During the consultation before the Sermon of February 24, 1325, she was cited as needing to confess better (Doat 28, fol. 101r). Called the “socia” of Isabel of Bourges (Doat 28, fol. 116r). No deposition, no sentence.

10Aliorus de Sesena. Burned in Carcassonne March 1, 1327 (Martyrology, line 47).

11Alisseta Boneta. Daughter of Duran Bonet from Saint-Michel-de-La-Cadière (Gard), inhabitant of Montpellier for twenty-two years, sister of Prous Boneta. Deposed November, 1325 (Doat 27, fol. 26r-30r). Sentenced to the mur of Carcassonne November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 91v-94v). Released with crosses and pilgrimages, September 9, 1329 (Doat 27, fol. 193v-196v). Possibly living in Las Barcas in Montpellier in 1347 (AMM Fonds de la Commune Clôture, EE 1057, Armoire H, no. 290; Dainville and Gouron, Inventaire, 200).

12Amada Orlach, wife of Duran Orlach of Lodève. Deposed December, 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 193r-194v). Sentenced to arbitraria March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 189v).

13Amegiardis, “virgo,” aged 15 years (no last name). Mentioned by Flours and Paula Baron, and by Johan Vascon (Doat 28, fol. 232r-v) (not by name). Burned in Béziers, January 11, 1321 (Martyrology, line 17-18).

14Amoda Sepian of Limoux, daughter of B. Sepian. Third Order. Deposed October, 1325 and October, 1326 (Doat 28, fol. 237r-240r). Sentenced to the mur in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 203v).

15Amorosus Lauret of Lodève. Condemned to wear crosses and to make pilgrimages. Seen in his wife’s (Jacma Lauret) testimony (Doat 28, fol. 233v), and Manenta Arnaut (Doat 27, fol. 80v).

16Andrieu Berenguier (Andreas Berengarii), from Montagnac. Deposed December, 1325 (Doat 27, fol. 113-11v). Sentenced to simple crosses and minor pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 89v-91v). Brother of Guillerma Berengaria and her sister, who were both from Montagnac, but lived in Narbonne.

17Anuericus (no last name, first name uncertain). Burned in Lunel October 18, 1321 (Martyrology, line 25).

18——— Ardit, first name unknown. Lived in Montpellier. Mentioned by Peire de Tornamira (Germain Consultation, 336). Burned in Lunel? (not identifiable in Martyrology).

19Arnauda Mainie, wife of Peire Mainie, merchant of Montréal. Deposed September 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 196v-197r). Sentenced to arbitraria March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 189v). Arnaut and Esteve Maynie of Montréal appear in Mahul 3, 309.

20Arnaut (no last name known), a priest from Foix. Abjured before the bishop of Pamiers, mentioned in a trial of 1337 (Coulet, 368).

21Arnaut de Felginio, OFM. In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36). Originally from the Province of Aquitaine (Oliger, 325).

22Arnaut Maury (Arnaudus Maurini), OFM. Not summoned to Avignon. Before Michel of Cesena, agreed to obey Quorumdam exigit (MS, 293). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36).

23Arnaut Pons (Arnaudus Pontii) of Belpech. Mentioned by Bernard de Na Jacma (Limborch, 309), and by Peire Calvet (Limborch, 317). Burned in Narbonne (not in Martyrology—probably one of the three not identified from the Sermon of February 28, 1322).

24Arnaut Raimon (Arnaudus Raymundi), OFM, laicus. Before Michael of Cesena, agreed to obey Quorumdam exigit on habits, but not on granaries and cellars. Had to have the letter explained vulgariter (MS, 293) November 12, 1317. In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36).

25Astruga de Rundaria or de Cussach, living in Narbonne, sartix pannorum lineorum. Third Order. Sister of Maria de Rundaria. Deposed September, 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 224v-226v). Sentenced to the mur in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 203v). Relaxation to crosses and pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 3r-7r).

26Astruga of Lodève (no last name). Burned in Lunel October 18, 1321 (Martyrology, line 27). Mentioned in several depositions as being especially saintly (MS, 307-319).

27Ataussatus. Only mentioned by Peire de Tornamira (Germain Consultation, 338).

28Aymeric (no last name). Burned in Carcassonne January 17, 1322 (Martyrology, line 43).

* B *

29Basseta (no last name). Burned in Lunel October 18, 1321 (Martyrology, line 26).

30Berengaria Domergue Veyrier (Berengaria Dominici) of Narbonne. Wife of Guilhem Domergue Veyrier. Deposed (n.d., but sermon of February 22-24, 1325). Captured in Montpellier (Doat 28, fol. 121r-122v). Sentenced to murum strictum, February 24, 1325. Burned at Carcassonne March 1, 1327 (Martyrology, line 46). Mentioned by Peire Massot (Doat 27, fol. 13v), Amoda Sepian (Doat 28, fol. 239v).

31Berengaria Donas, parator, wife of Peire Donas, of Narbonne. Deposed October, 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 219r-222v). Sentenced to the mur in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 203v). Relaxation to crosses and pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 3r-7r).

32Berengaria Estorgua, widow of Guilhem Estorg of Lodève. Deposed November 1325 and August 1326 (Doat 28, fol. 194v-196r). Sentenced to arbitraria March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 189v).

33Berenguier (Berengarius) (no last name). Burned in Lunel October 18, 1321 (Martyrology, line 24).

34Berenguier Cof or Chof, OFM, laicus, convent of Béziers. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (BF, 118-120). Before Michael of Cesena, agreed to obey Quorumdam exigit on habits, but refused to respond on granaries and cellars (MS, 296).

35Berenguier de Ferrantibus, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (BF, 118-120).

36Berenguier Hulard, alias Blanc of Narbonne. Lived in Apt. Mentioned by Bernard Maury (MS, 332). Mentioned as a fugitive in an inquisitorial consultation of February, 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 101v-102r). Emery, 166.

37Berenguier Iulioli, OFM, convent of Béziers. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (BF, 118-120).

38Berenguier Jaoul, mercer of Lodève. Deposed, n.d. (MS, 313-315). Sentenced to arbitraria with double crosses, July 3, 1323 (Doat 28, fol. 31r-33r). Released from crosses, 24 February 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 115r-116r). Mentioned by Manenta Arnaut (Doat 27, fol. 80v).

39Berenguier Rocha of Clermont-l’Hérault, a parchment maker. Deposed, n.d. (MS, 311). Sentenced to arbitraria with double crosses, July 3, 1323 (Doat 28, fol. 31r-33r). Released from crosses March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 185r-186r—the list reads Bernard, probably in error).

40Berenguier Tortelli or Torcelli, OFM. Before Michael of Cesena, refused to obey Quorumdam exigit (MS, 291-296). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36).

41Bermonda (no last name). Burned in Narbonne February 28, 1322 (Martyrology, line 37).

42Bernard (no last name). Burned in Béziers January 11, 1321 (Martyrology, line 16).

43Bernard Andrieu, OFM, convent of Béziers. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (BF, 118-120).

44Bernard Aspa, OFM. Before Michel of Cesena, after first refusing to respond, agreed to obey Quorumdam exigit (MS, 296). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36). Condemned to the mur at Marseille May 7, 1318 (Baluze 2, 248-251).

45Bernard Baron of Mazères, diocese of Mirepoix. Third Order. Two sentences of excommunication in absentia by Bernard Gui, first in 1322 and again in 1323 (Limborch, 332-333, 394).

46Bernard Bonet, OFM, laicus. Originally from the province of Aquitaine. Oliger, Processus, 339. Before Michael of Cesena, agreed to obey Quorumdam exigit on habits, but not on granaries and cellars (MS, 296). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36).

47Bernard Castillon, silk merchant of Montpellier. Deposed August 1325 (Doat 27, fol. 20r-21v). Mentioned by Peire de Tornamira (Germain Consultation, 338), Sentenced to the mur November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 91v-94v). Released with crosses and pilgrimages, September 9, 1329 (Doat 27, fol. 193v-196v).

48Bernard d’Alzonne, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII, (BF, 118-120). Appears later in “Pulglia,” in an anonymous chronicle written by a late fraticellus, died in the plague of 1348, Tocco, 520.

49Bernard d’Antinhan, OFM, apostate. Mentioned by Raimon d’Antusan (Limborch, 311). Before Michael of Cesena, refused to obey Quorumdam exigit (one of those who wrote the letter) (MS, 291-296). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36).

50Bernard de Argistris. Burned in Narbonne February 28, 1322 (Martyrology, line 34).

51Bernard de Bosco, of Béziers. Mentioned by Berenguier Iaoul, MS, 314, and Bernard Peyrotas (MS, 316-317). Burned in Carcassonne April 24, 1323 (Martyrology, lines 49-50). Goods confiscated from him appear in the accounts in Doat 34, fol. 216r. Among the goods sold were his clothes.

52Bernard de Na Jacma, or Germain, from Belpech. Third Order. Deposed, n.d. (Limborch, 307-309). Originally immured in Toulouse July, 1322 (Limborch, 331). Burned later in Toulouse, 1322-1323 (Martyrology, lines 57-58).

53Bernard de Perinhac. Burned in Narbonne February 28, 1322 (Martyrology, line 32).

54Bernard de Saverdun, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (BF, 118-120).

55Bernard den Adam, son of Adam de Huc. Released from wearing crosses (Limborch, 337). Possibly the father of Bernarda d’Antusan, Beguine.

56Bernard Duran, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (BF, 118-120).

57Bernard Durban, smith of Clermont-l’Hérault, inhabitant of Lodève. Third Order. Deposed 1320, August, 1322. Brother of Esclarmonda Durban, burned at Lunel. Deposed, n.d. (MS, 309-310). Sentenced to arbitraria with crosses, July 3, 1323 (Doat 28, fol. 31r-33r). Released from crosses, February 24, 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 115r-116r).

58Bernard Espruassora or Espinesseria, of Agde. Mentioned by Raimunda Arrufat (Doat 28, fol. 210v). Burned in Carcassonne January 17, (1322) (Martyrology, lines 41-42).

59Bernard Fabre of Olargues, notary. Deposed, n.d (Doat 28, fol. 122v-124v). Sentenced to the mur (strict) February 24, 1325, in Carcassonne (Doat 28, fol. 153-157). Released from the mur with crosses March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 186r-189v).

60Bernard Frances, OFM. Before Michael of Cesena, refused to answer whether he would obey Quorumdam exigit, though he was questioned many times (MS, 291-296). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36).

61Bernard Guille, OFM, convent of Béziers. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (BF, 118-120).

62Bernard Leon of Montréal. Mentioned by Flours Baron (Doat 28, fol. 231v), Arnauda Mainie (Doat 28, fol. 197v), and Miracla Esteve (Doat 28, fol. 191v). Also mentioned by Raimon de Johan OFM (MS, 305). Burned in Capestang May 25, (1320) (Martyrology, line 11). A man by this name was consul of Montréal in 1261, as seen in the charter of foundation of the convent of the frères du Sac (Mahul 3, 307).

63Bernard Malaura, butcher of Lodève. Deposed 1319 (and probably later) (MS, 312-313). Sentenced to the wall July 3, 1323 (Doat 28, fol. 33r-36r).

64Bernard Martin, OFM, convent of Béziers. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (BF, 118-120).

65Bernard Martin. Lived in Montpellier. Beguin. Mentioned by Peire de Tornamira (Germain Consultation, 336). Burned in Capestang May 25, (1320) (Martyrology, line 10).

66Bernard Maury, priest of Narbonne. Mentioned by Peire Espere-en-Diu (MS, 327). Deposed (1327) (Doat 35, fol. 21r-46r, MS, 328-345). Called himself the “procuratorius” of the OFMs of Narbonne. By the name of “Mauricius de Nerbona, appears in the Martyrology, line 52, burned in Avignon November 19, 1326.

67Bernard Parasol, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (BF, 118-120).

68Bernard Peyrotas of Lodève. Priest. Culpa in MS, 315-318, n.d. Burned in Lodève August 10, 1323 (Martyrology, line 29). Mentioned by Peire Massot (Doat 27, fol. 13r), by Berengaria Estorgua (Doat 28, fol. 195v), by Amada Orlach (Doat 28, fol. 194r).

69Bernard Polhier, OFM, convent of Béziers. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (BF, 118-120).

70Bernard Raimon de Monesio of Toulouse. Burned in Narbonne (Baluze 2, 257-258). Not mentioned in Martyrology.

71Bernard Sers. Burned in Béziers January 11, 1321 (Martyrology, line 16).

72Bernard Surio. Burned in Capestang May 25, (1320) (Martyrology, line 12). Probably the same as the “Raymund Surio” from Cailhavel near Montréal, who was mentioned as a notorious heretic burned at Capestang in a trial of 1337 (Coulet, 368).

73Bernard Tornier, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (BF, 118-120).

74Bernarda d’Antusan, wife of Raimon from Cintegabelle. Third Order. Deposed March 14, 1321 (Limborch, 313-314).

75Bernardin Anuli. Burned in Narbonne February 28, 1322 (Martyrology, line 32).

76Bertrand (no last name). A notary from Limoux, mentioned in a trial of 1337 (Coulet, 369).

77Bertrand (no last name). Helped keep the “house of poverty” of Apt. Acquainted with Peire Trencavel. Mentioned by Bernard Maury (MS, 333).

78Bertrand Anniat of Apt. He kept the “house of poverty” of Apt. Acquainted with Peire Trencavel. Mentioned by Bernard Maury (MS, 332).

79Bertrand Grancarot, OFM, convent of Béziers. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (BF, 118-120).

80Bertrand Salvet, a weaver (or possibly a laborator et mercator) of Cailhavel, near Montréal. Mentioned in a trial of 1337 as a man who left his wife for the heretics (Coulet, 368-369).

81Biatris (Beatrix) (no last name). Burned in Lunel October 18, 1321 (Martyrology, line 25).

82Blaize Boyer, wealthy tailor of Narbonne. Sought out Beguins overseas, and brought home an apostate friar. Deposed (Doat 27, fol. 109v-111v). Was charged in 1351 with having bribed inquisitors.

83Bodina of Montpellier. Called Na, so probably Third Order. Only mentioned in Peire de Tornamira (Germain Consultation, 334).

84Bonhome (Bonus Homo) de Gasconia. Burned in Narbonne February 28, 1322 (Martyrology, line 33).

85Bonhome de Figuières, clerc. Third Order. Apparently tried in 1321, along with others. The register containing the proceedings was part of the archives of the Inquisition of Carcassonne (Germain Inventaire, 12).

* C  D  E  F *

86Castilio de Gironda. Burned in Narbonne February 28, 1322 (Martyrology, line 35).

87Catharina of Montpellier. Called Na, so probably Third Order. Only mentioned in Peire Tornamira (Germain Consultation, 334).

88Ciracus (no last name). Burned in Béziers January 11, 1321 (Martyrology, line 16).

89Deodat Bosc. Son of Bernard Bosc of Béziers. No culpa. Mentioned by Bernard Peyrotas (MS, 316).

90Deodat Marcel of Lodève. No deposition, but relaxation to crosses and pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 3r-7r).

91Deodat Miquel, OFM, priest. Before Michael of Cesena, refused to obey Quorumdam exigit (one of those who wrote the letter) (MS, 291-296). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36). Burned in Marseille May 7, 1318 (Baluze 2, 248-251, Martyrology, line 3).

92Deruna Cathalana. Burned in Narbonne February 28, 1322 (Martyrology, line 38).

93Dossa. In a list of poor women of Narbonne in 1305, she appears as “na Dossa, beguina.” Probably Third Order. Emery, 131.

94Elias Castre of Béziers. Living in Manosque and Brignoles Captured in Brignoles, Provence, while planning to go to Rome and Assisi. Mentioned by Bernard Maury (MS, 336-7).

95Elias Helyas, glassmaker. No culpa. Mentioned by Bernard Peyrotas (MS, 316), and also by Berenguier Jaoul (MS, 314). Burned (Doat 27, fol. 200v).

96Elizabeth of Saint-Genès. (no last name). Burned in Narbonne February 22, 1328 (Martyrology, lines 37-38). Sister of Bremunda.

97Ermengartz Arnatfreydi. No culpa, debate only (May 19, 1329, Béziers). Had relics (Doat 27, fol. 159v).

98Ermessendis (no last name). Burned in Lunel October 18, 1321 (Martyrology, line 26).

99Ermessendis Grossa, widow of Johan Castanhier of Lodève. Inhabitant of Gignac. Confessed in November 1325. Culpa (Doat 27, fol. 14r-16r). Sentenced to minor pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 89v-91v).

100Esclarmonda Durban of Lodève. Mentioned in several depositions of the Beguins of Lodève (MS, 309-319). Burned in Lunel October 18, 1321 (Martyrology, line 26).

101Esteve Gramat, tailor from Villeneuve in the diocese of Béziers. Deposed November, 1325 (Doat 27, fol. 9r-10v). Sentenced to major pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 89v-91v).

102Esteve Seret, OFM. (MS, 313). Presumably, the same as the Stephanus de Sorotho, priest, burned in Lodève August 10, 1323 (Martyrology, lines 28-29).

103Flours Baron, daughter of Peire Baron, of Montréal. Deposed March 1325, and also earlier (Doat 28, fol. 231r-232r). Sentenced to the mur in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 203v). Released with crosses and pilgrimages, September 9, 1329 (Doat 27, fol. 193v-196v).

104Fornier de Fefensaco. Burned in Narbonne February 28, 1322 (Martyrology, line 36).

105Frances (Franciscus) Aribert (OFM) Burned, n.d. (MS, 313). Not in Martyrology.

106Frances Bastier. Burned in Lodève August 10, 1323 (Martyrology, line 29).

107Frances de Badon, OFM. In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36).

108Frances Sans, OFM. From the convent of Narbonne. Mentioned by Bernard Maury (MS, 331). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36) (alternate name, Sadictii). “Lector” of Narbonne under the Spiritual regime. Read Guilhem Astre’s sentence of excommunication on April 1, 1316. Spoke at Avignon. In clandestinity, under the false name of Falco de Lupo Alto, was discovered at Saint-Paul de Fenouillet in 1323 (cf. Jean XXII, Lettres communes, G. Mollat ed., t. 4, n° 17608).

* G *

109Galharda Fabre, wife of Bernard Fabre, of Olargues. Deposed, n.d. (Doat 28, fol. 124v-126r). Sentenced to the mur, February 24, 1325, in Carcassonne (Doat 28, fol. 153-157). Released from the mur with crosses March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 186r-189v).

110Gentilis de Marchia, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

111Germain de …, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

112Germain Frettier, from Toulouse, inhabitant of Carcassone. Deposed June, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 18v-20r). Sentenced to the mur November 11, 1328 (Doat 91v-94v). Released with crosses and pilgrimages, September 9, 1329 (Doat 27, fol. 193v-196v).

113Guilhem Ademar, weaver of Narbonne. Deposed 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 228r-231r). Knew Na Prous in prison. Sentenced to the mur in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 203v). Relaxation to crosses and pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 3r-7r).

114Guilhem Anuli, priest. Burned in Béziers June 2, (1320) (Martyrology, line 13).

115Guilhem Arnaut, OFM, laicus. Before Michael of Cesena, refused to obey Quorumdam exigit (one of those who wrote the letter) (MS, 291-296). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36).

116Guilhem Bom. Burned in Pézenas September 21, 1321 (Martyrology, line 21).

117Guilhem Capel, from Limoux. Mentioned in the trial of Raimon Amelh in 1337 as a notorious Beguin, saved from burning by the personal intervention of the archbishop of Narbonne (CM, 368).

118Guilhem de Fagia, OFM. Originally from the Province of Aquitaine (Oliger, Processus, 339). Fate unknown.

119Guilhem de Johan (possibly of Pamiers). Described as “beguinus. Alluded to in the testimony of Sybillia Peyre of Arques before Bishop Jacques Fournier of Pamiers. Turned Cathars in to the inquisitors, and was himself assassinated (Fournier 2, 423, also n. 380).

120Guilhem de Johan of Limoux. Going to Rome, but encountered in Brignoles, carrying texts of Peter Olivi. Mentioned by Bernard Maury (MS, 335).

121Guilhem de Sant Amans, OFM. From the convent of Narbonne (elected vicarius after the Spiritual takeover). Mentioned by Bernard Maury (MS, 331). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36). Wrote protest letter to the General Chapter of Naples, 1316.

122Guilhem de Urgel. Burned in Narbonne February 28, 1322 (Martyrology, line 34).

123Guilhem Domergue Veyrier, candlemaker of Narbonne. Captured in Orange, and brought to Carcassonne, May, 1325. Deposed, May, 1325 and later (MS, 321- 324). Burned in Carcassonne in March, 1327 (listed in the Martyrology, line 45, but under a corrupted name, Viderani). Mentioned in MS, 325, 326ff, by Blaize Boyer (Doat 27, fol. 83v), by Alisseta Boneta (Doat 27, fol. 26r), by Esteve Gramat (Doat 27, fol. 9v), by Johan Peyre (Doat 27, fol. 22r), by Guillelma Civile (Doat 28, fol. 227r), by Johan d’Almati (Doat 28, fol. 208v), Pons de Sant Gili (Doat 28, fol. 235vff), Amoda Sepian (Doat 28, fol. 237v).

124Guilhem Fabre, priest. Burned in Lunel October 18, 1321 (Martyrology, line 22).

125Guilhem Guiraut, OFM. Mentioned by Raimon de Johan (MS, 303), and Prous Boneta. In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36). Apparently from the convent of Marseille (Prous ed. May, 20, n. 50).

126Guilhem Lanternier. No culpa. Mentioned in the deposition of Peire Massot (Doat 27, fol. 13v). Possibly immured 10 September, 1329 (Doat 27, fol. 241v-245r).

127Guilhem Laurens, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

128Guilhem Martin of Escueillens. Third Order. Deposed, n.d. (Doat 28, fol. 126-127r). Sentenced to the mur (strict), February 24, 1325, in Carcassonne (Doat 28, fol. 153-157).

129Guilhem Porcell, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

130Guilhem Quartier, weaver of Narbonne. Deposed November 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 205r-207r). Sentenced to the mur in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 203v). Relaxation to crosses and pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 3r-7r).

131Guilhem Raols, OFM, convent of Béziers. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

132Guilhem Raynaut, prior of Saint Nicholas of Marseille. Not clear that he’s a Beguin. Mentioned by Bernard Maury (MS, 334).

133Guilhem Ros, from Cintegabelle. Third Order. Deposed March 20, 1321 (Limborch, 314-317). Relapse. Second culpa, sentence (Limborch, 381-383). Burned in Toulouse. Does not appear in Martyrology, lines 54-55, with others burned the same day.

134Guilhem Roset, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

135Guilhem Rotgier, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

136Guilhem Rozier. Lived in Montpellier. Mentioned by Peire de Tornamira (Germain Consultation, 336). Possibly burned in Lunel (not identifiable in Martyrology).

137Guilhem Santon, OFM, priest. Before Michael of Cesena, refused to obey Quorumdam exigit (one of those who wrote the letter) (MS, 291-296). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36). Burned in Marseille May 7, 1318 (Baluze 2, 248-251, Martyrology, line 3).

138Guilhem Separd. Burned in Narbonne February 28, 1322 (Martyrology, line 35).

139Guilhem Serallier, locksmith of Lodève. Longtime fugitive, captured in Montpellier. Deposed May, 1325 (MS, 324-326). Condemned as a relapse, and ultimately impenitent, and therefore burned in Carcassonne in March, 1327. Mentioned (Doat 27, fol. 39r), by Alisseta Boneta (Doat 27, fol. 26r), by Peire Massot (Doat 27, fol. 24v), by Manenta Arnaut (Doat 27, fol. 80), by Jacma Lauret (Doat 28, fol. 233v), by Berengaria Estorgua (Doat 28, fol. 194v), by Amada Orlach (Doat 28, fol. 193r).

140Guilhem Tolosa, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

141Guilhem Trencavel of Béziers. Mentioned in the inquisitorial consultation of May 19, 1329 in the company of Beguins, as a believer of heretics (Doat 27, fol. 159r).

142Guilhem Vezian, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

143Guillelma. Mentioned in a list of poor women of Narbonne in 1305 as “na Guillelma, beguina.” Probably Third Order (Emery, 131).

144Guillelma (no last name). Living in Manosque and Brignoles. Captured in Brignoles, Provence, while planning to go to Rome and Assisi. Mentioned by Bernard Maury (MS, 336-7).

145Guillelma Berengaria or Tyeura, from Montagnac, and from Narbonne. Sister of Johanna Berengaria. Deposed December, 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 207r-208v). Sentence to the mur in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 203v).

146Guillelma Civile, wife of Peire Civile, weaver of Narbonne. Deposed September 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 226v-228r). Met Prous Boneta in prison. Sentenced to the mur in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 203v). Relaxation to crosses and pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 3r-7r).

147Guillelma of Mirepoix. Imprisoned in Maguelone. Burned in Lunel. Only mentioned by Alisseta Bonet (Doat 27, fol. 27v).

148Guiraut de Sant Martin. Lived in Montpellier. Mentioned by Peire de Tornamira (Germain Consultation, 336). Burned in Lunel October 18, 1321 (Martyrology, line 25)

149Guiraut Martin, OFM, of Alet or Alès (Alecco). Before Michael of Cesena, at first agreed to obey Quorumdam exigit, but later returned and refused. (MS, 291-296). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36).

* H  I *

150Helis Alayraga of the Bourg of Carcassonne. A witness at the trial of Bernard Délicieux, she was described as “begunia.” (Friedlander, 301).

151Huc de Onlavis. Burned in Carcassonne January 17, (1322) (Martyrology, line 43).

152Huc Robaut, priest. Acquainted with Peire Trencavel, and living beyond the Rhône, possibly in Apt. Mentioned by Bernard Maury (MS, 334).

153Hugolino, knight of the order of Saint John de Jérusalem, inhabitant of Sainte Catherine d’Aygues. Friend of Peire Trencavel. Mentioned by Bernard Maury (MS, 333).

154Imbert Rubei, of Narbonne, Roque I, fol. 645. Sentenced to the mur, had he lived, December 9, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 122v-124r) (Emery, 167-168).

155Insia, daughter of Bertrand Esteve of Montréal. Deposed September, 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 198r-199r). Sentenced to arbitraria March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 189v). Individuals named Pons, Bernard and Guilhem Esteve of Montréal appear in Mahul 3, 307, 309, affiliated with the convent of the Carmelites (1313, 1326, 1327, 1330).

156Isabel of Bourges, inhabitant of the Bourg of Carcassonne. Deposed, n.d. (Doat 28, fol. 116r-117r). Sentenced to the mur, February 24, 1325, in Carcassonne (Doat 28, fol. 153-157). Relaxation to crosses and pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 3r-7r). Released from crosses, September 9, 1329 (Doat 27, fol. 192r-v).

* J *

157Jacma (Jacoba) (no last name) of Catalonia. Mentioned by Bernard Maury (MS, 333). Living in Avignon, near the Carmelite convent.

158Jacma Lauret, sometimes called Jacma Amorosa. Wife, widow of Amoros Lauret of Lodève. Deposed October, 1325 and January, 1326 (Doat 28, fol. 233v-235v). Also deposed in 1320, and August, 1322 (MS, 310). Sentenced to arbitraria with crosses, July 3, 1323 (Doat 28, fol. 31r-33r). Sentenced to the mur in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 203v). Mentioned by Manenta Arnaut (Doat 27, fol. 80v).

159Jacma Sobirana of the Bourg of Carcassonne, widow of Bertrand Sobiran. Deposed 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 211r-213v). Sentence to the mur in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 203v). Relaxation to crosses and pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 3r-7r). Released from crosses, September 9, 1329 (Doat 27, fol. 192r-v).

160Jacme (Jacme) Castillon of Bletgleya, diocese Elnensis, inhabitant of Narbonne. Caught while fleeing in Loupian (had already been absolved in Narbonne). Third Order. No date for deposition (Doat 28, fol. 119v-121r). Also mentioned in Doat 28, fol. 100v. Sentenced to the mur (strict), February 24, 1325, in Carcassonne (Doat 28, fol. 153-157).

161Jacme de Cesteramnicis (OFM). Burned, n.d. (MS, 313).

162Jacme de la Cros. Burned in Narbonne February 28, 1322 (Martyrology, lines 35-36).

163Jacme de Montesquin, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

164Jacme de Portali, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

165Jacme de Rieux, OFM “magnus lector in theologia.” Burned in Capestang May 25, (1320) (Martyrology, lines 9-10). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36). Mentioned by Bernard Fabre (Doat 28, fol. 122v), Astruga Rundaria (Doat 28, fol. 226r), Maria Rundaria (Doat 28, fol. 205r).

166Jacme Seguin, OFM, laicus. Before Michael of Cesena, refused to obey Quorumdam exigit, had to have the matter explained to him in vulgari (MS, 291-296). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36).

167Janneto de Clermont (OFM). Burned, n.d. (MS, 313).

168Johan Adzorit, priest. “Captured” at Easter (n.d). Mentioned by Johan Rotgier (MS, 306-307).

169Johan Barra. Burned in Capestang October 18, 1319 (Martyrology, lines 7-8).

170Johan Barrau, OFM, priest. Before Michael of Cesena, refused to obey Quorumdam exigit (one of those who wrote the letter) (MS, 291-296). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36). Originally from the Province of Aquitaine (Oliger, 339). Burned in Marseille (Baluze 2, 248-251, Martyrology, lines 2-3).

171Johan Bauscii (OFM). Burned, n.d. (MS, 313).

172Johan Canut. No culpa. Mentioned by Bernard Peyrotas (MS, 316).

173Johan Conilli of Béziers. Burned at Carcassonne April 24, 1323. Accounts in Doat 34, fol. 223r. He was imprisoned for 305 days before his death (Doat 34, fol. 227v).

174Johan Corui, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

175Johan d’Almati, shoemaker of Narbonne. Deposed October, 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 208v-210r). Sentenced to the mur in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 203v). Relaxation to crosses and pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 3r-7r).

176Johan d’Avinhon, parator of Narbonne. Sentenced to major pilgrimages (Doat 28, fol. 171r-173v) (Emery, 168-169).

177Johan de Echis. Burned in Carcassonne January 17, (1322) (Martyrology, line 42).

178Johan de Mezea. Burned in Pézenas September 21, 1321 (Martyrology, line 20).

179Johan de Savoya. Burned in le Thor near Avignon before 1334 (Martyrology, line 64).

180Johan Durban. Burned in Capestang May 25, (1320) (Martyrology, line 11). Mentioned by Berenguier Rocha (MS, 311).

181Johan Fabre, OFM, convent of Béziers. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

182Johan Lagleize (Ecclesiae), OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

183Johan Lagleize (Egleysa) of Narbonne. Burned. Mentioned by his brother, Peire Lagleize, junior (Doat 28, fol. 117r).

184Johan Martin, priest. Lived in Montpellier. Mentioned by Peire Tornamira (Germain Consultation, 336). Burned in Capestang May 25, (1320) (Martyrology, line 10).

185Johan Olier, or Essorbon. Burned in Béziers January 11, 1321 (Martyrology, line 17). Mentioned by Berenguier Rocha (MS, 311).

186Johan Orlach, of Montpellier. Deposed November 1325 (Doat 27, fol. 24r-26r). Sentenced to the mur November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 91v-94v).

187Johan Peyre, tailor, from Valfonts, and Montpellier. Deposed November, 1326 (Doat 27, fol. 21v-24r). Sentenced to the mur November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, 91v-94v). Released with crosses and pilgrimages, September 9, 1329 (Doat 27, fol. 193v-196v).

188Johan Prim, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Imprisoned in 1302 in the convent of Narbonne (MS, 88). Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120). Before Michel of Cesena, agreed to obey Quorumdam exigit (MS, 291-296).

189Johan Razier, OFM. Before Michael of Cesena, refused to obey Quorumdam exigit, described as “puer” (MS, 291-296). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine, (Vidal, 36).

190Johan Rotgier, priest, from “Auriacho, diocesis tutellensis,” benefice in Béziers. Deposed (MS, 306-309). Sentenced June 4, 1329 to fasting and a fine (Doat 27, 177v-178v).

191Johan Torrozelle, innkeeper of Narbonne. Consul of Narbonne in 1316, “consiliar” in September, 1324 (Doat 52, fol. 114r). See Emery, Heresy and Inquisition. Brought in three Beguins. Sentenced to minor pilgrimages in February, 1325 (n.s.) (Doat 28, fol. 161v-164r).

192Johan Vascon of Montagnac, priest. Inhabitant of Narbonne. Deposed October, 1325 and February, 1326 (Doat 28, fol. 232r-233r). Sentenced to the mur in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 203v). Relaxation to crosses and pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 3r-7r).

193Johanna Berenguier or Tyeura, from Montagnac, and from Narbonne. Sister of Guillelma Berenguier and Andrieu Berenguier of Montagnac. Deposed 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 189v-191r). Sentenced to arbitraria March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 189v).

194Johanna Jouconne, widow of Peire Joucon of Montréal. Deposed September 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 199r-200r). Sentenced to arbitraria March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 189v). “The youngest” of the consuls of Montréal in 1319 was named Bernard de Jocou (Mahul 3, 253).

195Johanna Medit, daughter of Pons Medit of Montpellier. Released from prison with crosses on March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 189v). No deposition or original sentence.

196Johanna Leona, widow of Raimon Leon, merchant of Montréal. Deposed September, 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 192r-193r). Sentenced to arbitraria March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 189v).

* L  M  N *

197Laurens de Salsis, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

198Mai de Blandisio, probably the same as Magtarellus de Brandis (Baluze 2, 257-258). Burned in Narbonne (Martyrology, line 5). No culpa, but mentioned in MS, 327, by Alisseta Bonet (Doat 27, fol. 27v), by Guillelma Civile (Doat 28, fol. 227v).

199Manenta (Rosa) Arnaut, wife (widow) of Bernard Arnaut, shoemaker of Lodève. Deposed (MS, 310-311). Sentenced to arbitraria with crosses, July 3, 1323 (Doat 28, fol. 31r-33r). Deposed 1325 (Doat 27, fol. 79v-82r). Died in prison, sentenced as a relapse to being exhumed and having her bones burned (Doat 27, fol. 97r-98r).

200Maria Clarada of Beviano, inhabitant of Béziers. Mentioned in the inquisitorial consultation of May 19, 1329 in the company of other Beguins. Condemned to poenitentia arbitaria (Doat 27, fol. 158v).

201Maria de Rundaria or de Cussach, sister of Astruga, inhabitant of Narbonne. Third Order. Deposed September, 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 203v-205r). Sentenced to the mur in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 203v).

202Maria de Sers, widow of Jacme de Sers from Cintegabelle, daughter of the deceased Johan de Goione. Third Order. Deposed, n.d. (Limborch, 318-319). Condemned to the mur.

203Maria Verzole of Béziers. Mentioned in the inquisitorial consultation of May 19, 1329 in the company of Beguins, as a penitent believer of the heretics, and to be “punished as such” (Doat 27, fol. 159r).

204Marin, of Apt. Acquainted with Peire Trencavel. Mentioned by Bernard Maury (MS, 332).

205Martin Arnei, OFM. Originally from the Province of Aquitaine, but went to Narbonne (Oliger, 339). Fate unknown.

206Martin de Sant Antonin, or Alegre, of Clermont-l’Hérault. Deposed 1320 (and probably later, n.d.) (Manselli, 312). Sentenced to the mur July 3, 1323 (Doat 28, fol. 33r-36r).

207Mathieu (no last name), priest of Belvèze (near Montréal) in the diocese of Narbonne. Deposed (Doat 27, fol. 85v-87r). Sentenced to pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 111v).

208Mathieu Terrin, from Saint-Amans in the diocese of Pamiers, inhabitant of Saverdun in the diocese of Rieux. Third Order. Culpa, n.d. (Limborch, 319-321). Immured in Carcassonne, July, 1322 (Limborch, 331).

209Miracla Esteve, wife of Raimon Esteve of Montréal. Deposed September, 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 191r-192r). Sentenced to arbitraria March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 189v).

210Nicholau (no last name). Burned in Lunel October 18, 1321 (Martyrology, line 24).

* P *

211Paula, daughter of Peire Baron of Montréal. Deposed (Doat 28, fol. 196r-196v). Sentenced to arbitraria March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 189v).

212Peire (no last name). Burned in Béziers January 11, 1321 (Martyrology, line 16).

213Peire (no last name). Burned in Lunel October 18, 1321 (Martyrology, line 23).

214Peire Abanii. Burned in Pézenas September 21, 1321 (Martyrology, line 20).

215Peire Alfandi. Burned in Lunel October 18, 1321 (Martyrology, line 23).

216Peire Almardi. Burned in Narbonne February 28, 1322 (Martyrology, line 37).

217Peire Arrufat. Burned in Carcassonne January 17, 1322 (Martyrology, line 43). Mentioned in many depositions (Manselli, 315), by Bernard Fabre (Doat 28, fol. 123r), by Peire Montlaur (Doat 28, fol. 223v). Wife Raimunda. The accounting of the confiscation of his goods is in Doat 34, fol. 195r and 215r. His goods amounted to some £20, 6s, 2d.

218Peire Austensi, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

219Peire Baron of Montréal. Raimon de Johan, OFM, lived in his house in Montréal. Mentioned by his daughters Flours and Paula, and by Raimon de Johan, junior (Doat 28, fol. 198r). Also Johanna Joucon (Doat 28, fol. 199v), and Johanna Leo (Doat 28, fol. 192r), and Arnaut Mainie (Doat 28, fol. 196v). And Insia Esteve (Doat 28, fol. 198r), and Miracla Esteve (Doat 28, fol. 191r). Apparently condemned in Carcassonne, but not burned. The accounts of his confiscated goods are found in Doat 34, fol. 197, 216v. They amounted to £34 5s, 9d.

220Peire Bayssi or Boissini, OFM, convent of Béziers. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120). Before Michel of Cesena, agreed to obey Quorumdam exigit (Manselli, 291-296). Possibly related to Alaraxis Biasse of Sauvian, Olivi’s niece.

221Peire Brun, priest. Mentioned by Berenguier Rocha of Clermont (Manselli, 311). Burned in Béziers January 11, 1321 (Martyrology, line 15).

222Peire Calvet of Cintegabelle. Third Order. Deposition in Limborch, 317-318. Burned in Toulouse, 1322-1323 (Martyrology, line 56).

223Peire Canonici. Burned in Capestang, October 18, 1319 (Martyrology, line 8).

224Peire Civile, weaver of Narbonne. Fugitive, not apparently captured. Mentioned in his wife’s deposition (Doat 28, fol. 226v).

225Peire Dayssan of Béziers. Deposed (Doat 28, fol. 214v-215r). Mentioned by Johan Peyre (Doat 27, fol. 22r). Sentence to the mur in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 203v). Relaxation to crosses and pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 3r-7r).

226Peire de Arris, Carthusian brother from the monastery of Lupateria in the diocese of Carcassonne. His errors could possibly be Beguin errors (he apparently did not believe that John XXII was the true Pope and head of the Church). He was released to prison in his own convent in 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 137-140).

227Peire de Cursaca. Burned in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Martyrology, line 47).

228Peire de Elne. Burned in Narbonne, February 28, 1322 (Martyrology, line 33).

229Peire de Franchis or de Fraxino of Narbonne. A tailor. Handed over to the secular arm (Baluze 2, 257-258). Burned in Narbonne, October 14, 1319 (Martyrology, line 6). Mentioned in Manselli, 327.

230Peire de Johan or Julian of Narbonne. Burned in Carcassonne, April 24, 1323. Accounts of his stay in the mur before his execution (305 days) are at Doat 34, fol. 227r, and the accounts of the execution itself are at Doat 34, fol. 223r. Not listed specifically in Martyrology, lines 49-51.

231Peire de Mazeres or de Na Bruna. Third Order, also called “minister beguinorum, from Belpech. Immured in Toulouse July, 1322 (Limborch, 331). Culpa (Limborch, 301-302).

232Peire de Palasco, priest with a benefice in the cathedral of Lodève. To be punished in chapter. In the inquisitorial consultation of July 2, 1323 at Lodève.

233Peire de Tornamira. Third Order. Beguin and priest, from Montpellier. Died in prison of Carcassonne in 1325. Deposition in Germain Consultation 331-344.

234Peire Domergue or Honors, or de Honoribus. From Narbonne. Third Order. Relapse. Deposed (Limborch, 383-386). Burned in Toulouse, September 27, 1322 (Martyrology, line 55). Accounts of his goods seized (Doat 34, fol. 196r).

235Peire Domergue, OFM, convent of Béziers. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

236Peire Espere-en-Diu, weaver of Narbonne. Deposed August, 1325 (Manselli, 326-328). Burned March 1, 1327 (not in Martyrology, lines 45-48, unless he is the same as Petrus de Cursaca).

237Peire Fabre, from Narbonne. Beguin. Discovered in Barcelona in 1340 (Josep Perarnau, “Documents de Tema Inquisitorial del Bisbe de Barcelona Fra Ferrer D’Abella,” Revista Catalana de Teologia, 5, 1980, p. 452-454, 464-466).

238Peire Fabre, OFM. Before Michael of Cesena, refused to obey Quorumdam exigit (Manselli, 291-296). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36). Burned in Naples before 1334 (Martyrology, line 65).

239Peire Gastaut. From Belpech, son of the notary Pons Gastaut. Immured in Toulouse July, 1322 (Limborch, 1331). Culpa dated March, 1321 (Limborch, 323-325).

240Peire Guiraut. From Gignac. Third Order. Escaped from prison in Lodève. Deposition in Limborch, 389-393. Burned in Toulouse, September 27, 1322 (Martyrology, line 54).

241Peire Hospital, sometimes called Christian. From Montpellier. Deposition in Limborch, 386-389. Burned in Toulouse, September 27, 1322 (Martyrology, line 55).

242Peire Julian, OFM. From the convent of Béziers, but from Narbonne originally. Apostate. Conference about his fate in May, 1329 (Doat 27, fol. 157r-170v).

243Peire Lagleize (junior) of Narbonne, clericus, only 14 years old, or thereabouts. Son of Peire Lagleize. Deposed, n.d. (Doat 28, fol. 117r-118r). Sentenced to the mur in Carcassonne, February 24, 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 153v-157v). Released from the mur with crosses March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 186r-189v).

244Peire Lagleize (senior) of Narbonne. Held in prison in Carcassonne. Mentioned by his son, Peire Lagleize junior (Doat 28, fol. 117r). Died prior to February 24, 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 153-157v).

245Peire Luche, notary of Béziers. Mentioned in the inquisitorial consultation of May 19, 1329 in the company of Beguins, as having impeded the office of the inquisition, and as a defender of heretics. To be immured (Doat 27, fol. 159r).

246Peire Massot, of Béziers. Son of a smith. Deposed November, 1325 (Doat 27, fol. 12v-14r). Sentenced to minor pilgrimages with crosses November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 89v-91v).

247Peire Montlaur, parator of Narbonne. Deposed January, 1326 (Doat 28, fol. 222v-224v). Sentence to the mur in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 203v). Relaxation to crosses and pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 3r-7r).

248Peire Morier, from Belpech. Third Order. Culpa dated April 8, 1322 (Limborch, 303-307). Originally immured in Toulouse July, 1322 (Limborch, 331). Later burned in Toulouse (Martyrology, line 57).

249Peire Raimon de Mayraco, OFM, Béziers. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

250Peire Raimon Gontard, OFM (conversus), convent of Béziers. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120). Mentioned in an inquisitorial consultation of April, 1329, and recommended that he be imprisoned in the prisons of his own order (Doat 27, fol. 160r).

251Peire Tort, from Montréal. Third Order. Culpa, n.d. (Limborch, 325-330). Immured in Carcassonne, July, 1322 (Limborch, 331).

252Peire Trencavel. Third Order. No deposition. From Lieuran-Cabrières in the diocese of Béziers, according to Troncarelli (Histoire générale de Languedoc, t. 9, 396, 399; Vidal, 125, n. 3), unconfirmed. Doat 35, fol. 18v (papal letter to Michel le Moine) says “Aurilhac” in the diocese of Béziers (unidentified). Lived in Narbonne, at least temporarily (see Alaraxis Biasse). Indefatigable missionary. Imprisoned in the mur of Carcassonne c. 1322, and escaped. From Montpellier, fled to Provence with copies of Peter Olivi’s books. He stayed in Sainte-Catherine d’Aygues, Marseille, Apt and elsewhere. In 1327, captured in Provence with his daughter Andrea. Transferred to Carcassonne (Vidal, 123-124, 126-127). Possibly escaped a second time and settled in Padua (Fabio Troncarelli,  “Pietro Trencavelli, visconte di Carcassonne,” Quaderni Medievali, 47, 1999, 14-40). Mentioned in many depositions. Raimon d’Antusan (Limborch, 312), Peire Calvet (Limborch, 317), Guilhem Ros (Limborch, 381), Raimon de Johan (Manselli, 302), Johan Rotgier (Manselli, 306ff), Alaraxis Biasse (Manselli, 320), Guilhem Domergue Veyrier (Manselli, 321), Bernard Maury (Manselli, 329ff), Berengaria Domergue Veyrier (Doat 28, fol. 122r), Bernard Fabre (Doat 28, fol. 122v-123r), Johan d’Almatii (Doat 28, fol. 209r), Pons de Sant Gili (Doat 28, fol. 236r), Raimunda Arrufat (Doat 28, fol. 210v), Guillelma Berengaria (Doat 28, fol. 207v), Blaize Boyer (Doat 27, fol. 84v), Esteve Gramat (Doat 27, fol. 9v).

253Peire Vidal, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

254Philip Ferrarier, OFM. In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36).

255Pons de Sant Gili in Provence, son of Esteve Gardian of Sano Jovis near Privillianum. Candlemaker. Used to live in Narbonne, then moved to Nîmes. Captured with Guilhem Veyrier in Orange. Deposed September, 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 235v-237r). Sentence to the mur in Carcassonne, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 203v). Relaxation to crosses and pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 3r-7r).

256Pons Helyas of Lauran. Deposed, n.d. (Doat 28, fol. 118r-119v). Sentenced to the mur, February 24, 1325, in Carcassonne (Doat 28, fol. 153-157). Relaxation to crosses and pilgrimages November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 3r-7r).

257Pons Portanovae, OFM, convent of Béziers. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

258Pons Rocha, OFM, deacon. Before Michael of Cesena, refused to obey Quorumdam exigit (one of those who wrote the letter) (Manselli, 291-296). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36). Burned in Marseille (Baluze 2, 248-251; Martyrology, line 4).

259Prous Boneta of La Cadière and Montpellier. Burned in 1328. Deposition (Doat 27, fol. 51v-79v; also in Prous ed. May). Mentioned by Ermissendis Grossa (Doat 27, fol. 14v). Sentence published by Henry Charles Lea, A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, New York, Harper, 1887, t. 3, 653-654; Louisa A. Burnham, “The Visionary Authority of Na Prous Boneta,” in Alain Boureau & Sylvain Piron, eds, Pierre de Jean Olivi (1248-1298). Pensée scolastique, dissidence spirituelle et société,  Paris, Vrin, 1999, p. 317-339.

* R *

260R. Amalfredi, priest. Mentioned by Johan Rotgier (Manselli, 307).

261Raimon Bels, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

262Raimon Bigaut or Rigaut of Lodève. Mentioned by Johan Orlach (Doat 27, fol. 24v). Also, Berengaria Estorgua (Doat 28, fol. 195r-195v).

263Raimon Bordini or Borditi, OFM. Before Michael of Cesena, refused to obey Quorumdam exigit (one of those who wrote the letter) (Manselli, 291-296). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36).

264Raimon Boyer, innkeeper from Villemagne. June 1329. Deposed (Doat 27, fol. 200r-201r).

265Raimon Cambos. Lived in Montpellier. Mentioned by Peire de Tornamira (Germain Consultation, 336). Burned in Lunel October 18, 1321 (Martyrology, line 23).

266Raimon Carlat, OFM of Alet. Apostate. Mentioned by Raimon d’Antusan (Limborch, 311).

267Raimon Crivelier, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

268Raimon d’Antusan, from Cintegabelle. Third Order. Testified March 13, 1321. Culpa in Limborch, 310-312.

269Raimon de Brachio or de Buxo, from Belpech. Third Order. Culpa in Limborch, 298-301. Originally immured in Toulouse, July, 1322 (Limborch 331). Later burned in Toulouse, 1322-1323 (Martyrology, line 57).

270Raimon de Johan, OFM, priest, from Montréal. Longtime fugitive, captured in Gascony. Deposition in Manselli, 302-306. Condemned to murus strictus. See David Burr, “Raymond Déjean, Franciscan Renegade,” Franciscan Studies,  57, 1999, 57-78.

271Raimon de Johan, parator of Montréal, nephew of brother Raimon de Johan. Deposed August, 1325 (Doat 28, fol. 197v-198r). Sentenced to arbitraria, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 189v).

272Raimon de la Cros. Burned in Carcassonne March 1, 1327 (Martyrology, lines 47-48).

273Raimon Durban of Clermont-l’Hérault, deposed, n.d. (Manselli, 320-321). Sentenced to arbitraria with double crosses, July 3, 1323 (Doat 28, fol. 31r-33r). Crosses taken off, March 1, 1327 (Doat 28, fol. 185r-186r).

274Raimon Esteve, from Croux (Cruce) in the diocese of Alet. Third Order. Culpa dated March 20, 1321 (Limborch, 321-323). Immured in Carcassonne, July, 1322 (Limborch 331).

275Raimon Ferrier, OFM, convent of Narbonne. Summoned to Avignon by John XXII (Bullarium, 118-120).

276Raimon Fornier de Floruissacho. Burned in Pézenas, September 21, 1321 (Martyrology, line 20). No culpa. Mentioned by Bernard Peyrotas (Manselli, 316-317) and by the false accusation of Bernard Pastre (Doat 27, fol. 205r).

277Raimon Julian of Mazères, beguinus. Only mentioned in Limborch, 393, murum strictum, June 19, 1323.

278Raimon Lobat from Agde (Doat 28, fol. 210r). Burned in Carcassonne January 17, 1322 (Martyrology, line 42). Accounts of goods seized in Doat 34, fol. 196r (£19, 5s.). Mentioned by Raimunda Arrufat (Doat 28, fol. 210v).

279Raimon Maistre, OFM. From Villemoustaussou (outside Carcassonne). Summoned to Avignon in April, 1317 from the convent of Narbonne (Bullarium, 119). Burned in Carcassonne, April 24, 1323 (Martyrology, line 50). Expenses for his burning accounted for in Doat 34, fol. 223r. Not to be confused with two homonyms: the son-in-law of Castel Fabre of Carcassonne, convicted of Cathar heresy in 1299, and the son of Barthélemi Maistre, condemned posthumously in 1328 (Friedlander, 359) (Friedlander says 1323, but the citation to Doat 27, fol. 100v-101r is to the General Sermon of November 11, 1328).

280Raimon Surio. See Bernard Surio.

281Raimon, OFM. Possibly to be identified with any one of the apostate Raimons. In Apulia. Mentioned in an anonymous chronicle by a late fraticellus (Tocco, 520).

282Raimunda Arrufat. Widow of Peire Arrufat of Narbonne. Mentioned in Martyrology, line 46, but with incorrect date (Doat 28, fol. 210r-211r). Burned in Carcassonne, September 10, 1329 (Doat 27, fol. 232v-234r).

283Raimunda de Caranta. Burned in Narbonne February 28, 1322 (Martyrology, line 38).

284Raimunda Rigauda, of Lodève. Mentioned by Manenta Arnaut (Doat 27, fol. 80v), and Berengaria Estorgua (Doat 28, fol. 194v).

285Raimunda Squirola. Living in Manosque and Brignoles. Captured in Brignoles, Provence while planning to go to Rome and Assisi. Mentioned by Bernard Maury (Manselli, 336-337).

286Rosa Maur, daughter of Raimon Maur of Lodève. Mentioned in the consilium of July 2, 1323 in Lodève (Doat 28, fol. 3r-3v).

287Rotbert de Narbonna. Burned in Narbonne, February 28, 1322 (Martyrology, line 36).

288Rotgier (no last name). Burned in Lunel, October 18, 1321 (Martyrology, line 24).

* S  V *

289Sermanus or Serviatius or Servianus, OFM. Apparently in “Alverniam” (probably Auvergne, also possibly La Verna, Italy). Mentioned by Johan Rotgier (Manselli, 307), as an acquaintance of Peire Trencavel. Also mentioned by Bernard Maury (Manselli, 331), as a former member of the convent of Narbonne. One of the OFMs sent to the inquisitor by John XXII (Vidal, 36 [Servatius]; and Bullarium, no. 293, 133 [Serinamus]).

290Sibillia Cazelas, widow of Guilhem Cazelas of Gignac. Deposed November, 1325. Knew Prous Boneta (Doat 27, fol. 16r-18v). Sentenced to minor pilgrimages without crosses, November 11, 1328 (Doat 27, fol. 89v-91v).

291Sicarda de Corberia. Burned in Narbonne, February 28, 1322 (Martyrology, line 39).

292Sicilia (no last name). Companion of Andrea Trencavel. Mentioned by Bernard Maury (Manselli, 333).

293Stacius Maior of Béziers, (OFM). Burned in Béziers, June 5, 1320 (Martyrology, line 14). Also mentioned by Guilhem Serralier (Manselli, 325).

294Stephana Boneta, of La Cadière. Probably a sister (or possibly the mother) of Prous Boneta. No deposition. Sentenced to the mur (Doat 27, fol. 186r).

295Symon extraneus (no last name). Mentioned with the Beguins of Narbonne in the Martyrology, line 39, but died in prison before February 28, 1322. Possibly the same as the “Fr. Symonis Stranei” mentioned by Guillem de Quers, in Josep Perarnau, “Opere di Fr. Peire Johannis in processi catalani d’inquisizione della prima metà del xiv secolo,” Archivum Franciscanum Historicum, 91, 1998, 505-516, at 512, n. 16.

296Vezian (no last name). Burned in Lunel October 18, 1321 (Martyrology, line 24).

297Vidalet of Montpellier. Only mentioned by Peire de Tornamira (Germain Consultation, 338).

298Vincent Guiraut, OFM. Before Michael of Cesena, refused to obey Quorumdam exigit (Manselli, 291-296). In John XXII’s 1317 letter to Michel le Moine (Vidal, 36). Apparently from the convent of Marseille (Prous ed. May, 20, n. 50). Possibly related to brother Guilhem Guiraut, OFM.

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Notes

1 Key to abbreviations:
Baluze. – Baluze-Mansi, Miscellanea 2.
Bullarium .– Conrad Eubel, Bullarium Franciscanum, Rome, 1898-1904, vol. 5-6.
Coulet. – Noël Coulet, “Un moine languedocien accusé de béguinisme,” Cahiers de Fanjeaux, 19, 1984, p. 365-389.
Doat. – Collection Doat, Bibliothèque nationale de France.
Emery. – Richard Emery, Heresy and Inquisition in Narbonne, New York, 1941.
Fournier. – Jean Duvernoy, ed., Le registre d’inquisition de Jacques Fournier (1318-1325), Toulouse, 1965, 3 vol.
Friedlander.– Alan Friedlander, ed., Processus Bernardi Delitiosi. The Trial of Fr. Bernard Délicieux, 3 September-8 December 1319, Philadelphia, American Philosophical Society, 1996.
Germain Consultation. – A. Germain, “Une consultation inquisitoriale au xive siècle,” Publications de la Société archéologique de Montpellier, 4, 1857, p. 309-344.
Germain Inventaire. – A. Germain, “Inventaire inédit concernant les archives de l’inquisition de Carcassonne,” Mémoires de la Société archéologique de Montpellier (1re série), 4, 1855, p. 287-294, 332-344.
Limborch. – Philippus Van Limborch, Historia inquisitionis, cui subjungitur Liber sententiarum inquisitionis Tholosanae ab anno Christi MCCCVI ad annum MCCCXXIII, Amsterdam, 1692.
Mahul. – M. Mahul, ed., Cartulaire et archives des communes de l’ancien diocèse et de l’arrondissement administratif de Carcassonne, Paris, 1857-1882, 6 vol.
Martyrology. – Wolfenbüttel Martyrology, Herzog-August-Bibliothek, Wolfenbüttel, Helmstedt ms. 1006, fol. 12v-13v. All line references are to the edition in Louisa Burnham, “So Great a Light, So Great a Smoke.” The Heresy and Resistance of the Beguins of Languedoc (1314-1330), Evanston (IL), Northwestern University, 2000, Ph.D. dissertation, p. 315-320. An edition of a related list of Beguin martyrs has been published in Jaume de Puig i Oliver, “Notes sobre el manuscript del Directorium Inquisitorum de Nicolau Eimeric conservat a la Biblioteca de l’Escorial (ms. N. I. 18),” Arxiu de Textos Catalans Antics, 19, 2000, p. 538-539.
Prous ed. May. – W. H. May, “The Confession of Prous Boneta, Heretic and Heresiarch,” in A. P. Evans, ed., Essays in Medieval Life and Thought, New York, 1955, p. 3-30.
Manselli. – Raoul Manselli, Spirituali e beghini in Provenza, Roma, Istituto storico italiano per il Medio Evo, 1959.
Oliger. – Livarius Oliger, “Fr. Bertrandi de Turre processus contra spirituales Aquitaniae (1315) et Card. Iacobi de Columna litterae defensoriae spiritualium Provinciae (1316),” Archivum Franciscanum Historicum, 16, 1923, p. 323-355.
Third Order. – Specifically designated as a Franciscan tertiary.
Tocco. – Felice Tocco, Studii Francescani, Naples, 1909.
Vidal. – J.-M. Vidal, ed., Bullaire de l’inquisition française au xive siècle et jusqu’à la fin du Grand Schisme, Paris, 1913.
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Référence électronique

Louisa A. Burnham, « A Prosopography of the Beguins and Spiritual Friars of Languedoc », Oliviana [En ligne], 2 | 2006, mis en ligne le 27 juin 2006, consulté le 24 avril 2017. URL : http://oliviana.revues.org/37

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Auteur

Louisa A. Burnham

Middlebury College, Middlebury (Vermont). 

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